Ecology of urban birds

Coexistence of birds and human has a long tradition; despite we can recently witness substantial changes in the structures of avicoenoses in urban environments. There are species, which recently invaded urban settlements, both due to the area changes (collared dove) or due to habitat requirements changes (wood pigeon, jay, magpie). Contrary, there are traditionally synantropic species that recently faced a significant population decrease (house sparrow). The reasons for this dynamics remain unknown to large extent; nevertheless, generally spoken, the urban habitats have rapidly changed in the last century, which brings new challenges to the bird communities.

In our research we focus on the urban avicoenoses structures, focusing on the long-term changes, trying to find parameters affecting these changes. Together, we focus on the urban planning as a tool for maintaining the urban bird diversity, especially in the domain of the green infrastructure. Additionally, we focus on the flagship species like house sparrow or collared dove, which are strongly synantropic and have to adapt to the changes in the urbanization which we recently witness (suburban development, large city centres degradation etc.). We utilize the food and nesting places availability together with the land covers as a tool for modelling the suitability of urban areas for these species. Together, we focus on the population structure of urban birds to predict the abilities of gene flow, which could reduce the impact of habitat degradation in urban areas.

People involved in this research: